Production Intensification

The project shows many examples of improvements in factor competitiveness. These include a range of nodes along the coconut value chain such as training in production of high quality of germplasm which can better guarantee yield per unit area per unit time (vs trees per unit area); promotion of pest and disease resistant germplasm, training for improvements in processing, development of strategic alliances with large global manufacturers, and improvement of governance structures through formation of 11 National Stakeholder Platforms.

Risk mitigation training was conducted for trainers and farmers so that they can train others and manage their fields better. Agronomy of tissue culture plantlets was conducted for technicians in Mexico and training in GAP conducted and plots established to facilitate experiential learning.

  1. St Lucia: 40 Officers trained - Tissue Culture training in St Lucia – Training on weening and hardening of coconut in- vitro plants
  2. Suriname – 30 officers of MOA received coconut production training
  3. 209 persons trained in GAP and IPM
  4. 346 persons in 11 countries received risk mitigation training
  5. A total of 15 professionals from 10 Caribbean countries have been introduced to the Mexican experience on the Coconut national germplasm seed selection, establishment and maintenance for successful collection, ecotype classification, cleaning and reproduction of local materials
  6. 30 agroprocessors from across region trained at workshop in Trinidad
  7. 30 producers / processors trained in agroprocessing – product development in Guyana
  8. 9 Processors, and Government personnel (Health, Agriculture) trained in agroprocessing – coconut water processing
  9. 30 Famers received training in business (methods for accessing finance, writing business proposals) and group dynamics (effective methods for functioning as a successful group)

The industry has 6 GAP projects, 6 IPM plots, 25 nurseries capable of producing more than 300,000 seedlings per year; and production of about 100,000 hand pollinated hybrid seedlings. Production systems have been moving from abandoned and semi-abandoned trees to well-managed fruit orchards.

An estimated 13,209 ac (5,347 ha) of coconuts planted over the project period and 33,893 (13,721 ha) planned.

Information booklets on adapted integrated farming practices

Publications include:

  1. COCONUT ITC/ CARDI “Coconut Industry Development for the Caribbean” Project PUBLICATIONS brochure
  2. Coconut-animal production systems
  3. Coconut production technology
  4. Coconut intercropping systems
  5. PUBLICATIONS and WEBSITE of the ITC/ CARDI “Coconut Industry Development for the Caribbean” Project profiled in the CARDI bulletin, R&D in Agriculture: a bulletin on information resources, December 2016 issue
Publicity Initiatives include 3 television presentations, 64 newspaper articles and 1,265 internet hits on CARDI Coconut website.

 

Challenges Experienced under the Project

Difficulty in sourcing seednuts to develop nurseries, farmers resisting paying for seedlings, lack of human capacity for the production of high-quality planting material and inadequate technical capacity in the management and handling of tissue culture plantlets.